Domain Names FAQ's - General

What is the difference between the Registrant, Registrar and Registry?

The registrant is the organization or individual who registers and owns the domain name. When you submit a domain name registration, you become a registrant.

The registrar is the organization conferred the authority to register and manage domain names. Domain registrations requests are handled by the registrar, who confirms and complete the process with the registry.

The registry is the governing body that regulates the directory of domain names. Regulations and policies governing the domain names are put in place by the registry. The registry is also in charge of propagating the registered domain names into the internet, informing the rest of the world that the registered domain name is taken. The registry is also in charge of regulating registrars.

What is a domain name?

A domain name is another phrase for web address - the bit that usually begins with www. at the top of your browser and ends with an extension. Common examples of extensions are .COM, .NET, .SG, .ORG.SG etc.



What is a Top-level domain (TLD)?

TLDs are commonly referred to as the domain extensions. TLDs are regulated and approved by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The most common type of TLD is the generic TLD (gTLD). The requirements to register most gTLDs are unrestricted.

i.e.

  • domain.com
  • domain.net
  • domain.org
  • domain.biz

There are TLDs that give domain names a regional presence; the country-code TLDs (ccTLDs). The requirements of each ccTLD differ according to the set of regulations specific to each respective country.

i.e.

  • domain.sg
  • domain.nz
  • domain.my
  • domain.au
  • domain.cn

What is a Second-level domain?

The second-level domain refers to the segment of the domain name to the left of the extension. This segment of the domain is formed and decided by the registrant.

i.e.

  • domain.com
  • newdomain.com
  • newerdomain.com
  • newestdomain.com

What is a Third-level domain?

The third-level domain refers to the segment to the left of the second-level domain. It is commonly referred to as the sub-domain.

i.e.

  • sub.domain.com
  • www.domain.com
  • mail.domain.com
  • ftp.domain.com

Who is the ICANN?

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the registry of generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management.